Learn About ADHD / ADD Symptoms and Treatment
It is believed that 8 million people in the United States have some form of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), commonly referred to as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Adult ADHD (Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder) is a disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
ADHD is not just a disorder of childhood. Symptoms begin in childhood and can continue through adolescence, the teen years, and into adulthood. People with adult ADHD experience symptoms such as impulsiveness, trouble focusing or completing tasks, anxiety, depression, and restlessness.
In fact, new research published in 2021 has identified a link between ADHD, Generalized Anxiety, and Depression. In this study, 1 in 9 respondents with Generalized Anxiety had ADHD and more than half of individuals with ADHD and anxiety also have a history of depression.
Do I have Adult ADHD?
All of us struggle occasionally with concentration and restlessness. Adult ADHD, however, is differentiated by a persistent and ongoing pattern of inattention or impulsivity that interferes with everyday life. Some people with ADHD mainly have symptoms of inattention. Others mostly have symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity. Some people have both types of symptoms.
Questions to ask about inattention
Questions to ask about impulsivity or hyperactivity
ADHD is not just a childhood disorder. Finding it hard to pay attention, needing to constantly move, or demonstrating impulsive behaviors may be signs of ADHD. ADD and ADHD are treatable with the proper care.
Signs of ADD / ADHD in Adults
ADHD can begin in childhood and continue into adulthood. There are a number of different types of ADHD which doctors diagnose based on the types of symptoms present. Some people with ADHD primarily have symptoms of inattention while others have greater symptoms with hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Symptoms of Inattention
- Difficulty paying attention to details
- Difficulty with sustained attention, such as with reading or paying attention during long meetings
- Fails to meet deadlines completing projects and tasks
- Difficulty organizing
- Poor time management
- Loses things frequently
- Easily distracted
- Misses appointments and forgetful in daily activities
Symptoms of Hyperactivity
- Anxiety and worry
- Hard to sit still
- Fidgets, restless, taps hands or feet
- Leaves seat in situations when sitting is expected
- Feels restless and hard to sit still for extended periods of time
- Talks excessively
- Blurts out answer before question has been asked
- Interrupting others during conversations
How Is ADD / ADHD Diagnosed and Treated?
There is no test that can diagnose ADHD. Adults who suspect they have ADHD should visit an experienced psychiatrist with experience evaluating and diagnosing ADHD. Your provider will conduct a thorough evaluation about what is causing your symptoms in order to recommend an effective and individualized ADHD treatment plan.
Stimulants are the most common type of medication used to treat ADHD, and research shows these medications can be highly effective. Like all medications, ADHD medications can have side effects and require monitoring by your provider. In addition to medication, psychotherapy such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has been shown to help manage symptoms and improve everyday functioning.
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