Depression In Older Adults

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Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment For Depression In Seniors

In older adults, symptoms of depression can appear differently, but anxiety and depression are not a normal part of growing old.

Many seniors and older adults are reluctant to seek treatment due to stigma associated with mental illness. It is estimated that one out of five people age 55 and older experience some type of mental health concern, according to the American Association of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Anxiety and depression are among the conditions most likely to affect seniors. Depression in older adults can present differently due to physical health problems or pain that may be closely linked with feelings of guilt, sadness, anger, resentment and loneliness. In addition, depression in older adults must be distinguished from medical conditions or prescription medications that may contribute to symptoms of depression.

Depression older adults aging

Do not be reluctant to seek help if you or an older member of your family is struggling with symptoms such as memory losspersonality changesincreasing aches and pain, and sleep problems or chronic fatigue.

Depression and anxiety are medical conditions that interfere with daily life and normal functioning. These symptoms are not a normal part of growing old, and many older adults require treatment to feel better. As we age, we go through a lot of changes. We may experience the death of loved ones, social isolation from friends and family (especially during the Covid-19 pandemic), retirement, loss of independence, stressful life events, physical health issues, financial issues, and limited mobility.

Feeling lonely and being isolated are bad for your health. Watch the video below for tips on how to stay connected and combat loneliness and social isolation.

Signs of Depression In Older Adults

For some older adults with depression, sadness is not the main symptom.

Some adults with depression commonly experience a lack of emotion rather than a depressed mood. In some cases, memory and thinking problems may be apparent as well. In addition, stigma associated with mental health may prevent older people from from talking about their feelings with doctors, family, or friends and can be reluctant to seek treatment.

SIGNS OF DEPRESSION IN SENIORS

Depression in older adults can be difficult to recognize because some symptoms may be different from younger people.

  • Persistent fatigue, decreased energy, or trouble sleeping
  • Irritability and grumpiness
  • Attention, concentration problems, and confusion
  • Lack of emotion
  • Persistent sad, anxious or empty mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, guilt, or worthlessness
  • Loss of interest in hobbies and activities
  • Aches, pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Types Of Depression Commonly Experienced By Older Adults

There are several types of depression that older adults may experience:

  • Major Depressive Disorder – includes symptoms lasting at least two weeks that interfere with a person’s ability to perform daily tasks
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) – a depressed mood that lasts more than two years, but the person may still be able to perform daily tasks, unlike someone with Major Depressive Disorder
  • Depressive Disorder Due to A Medical Condition – depression related to a separate illness, like heart disease or multiple sclerosis.

There are many other types of depression including but not limited to postmenopausal depression and seasonal affective disorder.

Treatment Of Depression in Seniors

Anxiety and depression are two of the most treatable mental health conditions. Effective treatment of depression in older adults can reduce depressive symptoms, secondary symptoms such as pain, and improve functioning and quality of life.

The most common forms of treatment for depression in seniors are medication, psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy), or a combination of the two. The psychiatrists and therapists of Novum Psychiatry are well-versed in the diagnosis and treatment of depression in older adults.

If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of depression, please make an appointment today for a confidential evaluation.

Our Experienced Team of Psychiatrists Can Help!

We know that taking the first step can be difficult.

Our highly-trained psychiatrists and therapists offer a comprehensive and confidential approach to private, outpatient psychiatric care. Whether this is your first time seeking psychiatric care or if you are seeking a new provider, Novum Psychiatry can help. In-person and telehealth appointments available. We accept health insurance.